Investigation on the Effects of Thermal Parameters in Historic Primary School in İzmit in the Context of Refurbishment Process, pages: 357-367
Historic schools are the building types where climatic comfort requirements of students, influencing the learning process have to be maintained. These buildings face deteriorations in long periods by especially climatic parameters, causing insufficient conditions for the students. The diagnostic process for historic school buildings is important in order to investigate the existing problems on the envelope and climatic comfort conditions before implementation of intervention strategies. The combined effect of climatic parameters, changing heat gain and losses, thermal sensation and energy efficiency have to be examined in order to lower the energy consumption, create comfortable climatic environment for students which directly influence their concentration and health in the classrooms. In this context the level of climatic conditions in different oriented classrooms are investigated by thermal measurements and concurrently conducted survey with questionnaires in historic Ulugazi Primary School in İzmit, Turkey. During the measurement process of climatic parameters, a survey was conducted among 40 students in two classrooms, located on North-northwest, (NNW) and South-southeast, (SSE) orientations. The findings on distribution of individual thermal satisfaction sensation of the students obtained by the questionnaires were compared to the graphics of distribution of temperature, air velocity, humidity measurement values.
Corgnati, S.P., Filippi, M. and Viazzo, S. “Perception of the thermal environment in high School and university classrooms: Subjective Preferences and Thermal Comfort”, Building and Environment, 42: 951–959, (2007).
Teli, D., Jentsch F. M. and James, A. B. P. “The role of a building's thermal properties on pupils' thermal comfort in junior school classrooms as determined in field studies”, Building and Environment, 82: 640-654, (2014).
Theodosiou, T.G. and Ordoumpozanis, K.T., “Energy, comfort and indoor air quality in nursery and elementary school buildings in the cold climatic zone of Greece”, Energy and Buildings, 40: 2207–2214, (2008).
Allard, F., “Natural Ventilation in Buildings: A Design Handbook”, ed. Matheos Santamouris and Francis Allard, Earthscan, ISBN: 1873936729, London, 978, (1998).
Mendell, M.J. and Heath, G.A., “Do indoor pollutants and thermal conditions in schools influence student performance? A critical review of the literature”, Indoor Air; 15: 27–52, (2005).
Dimoudi, A. and Kostarela, P., “Energy monitoring and conservation potential in school buildings in the climatic zone of Greece”, Renewable Energy; 34(1): 289-296, (2009).
Dascalaki, E.G. and Sermpetzoglou, V.G., “Energy performance and indoor environmental quality in Hellenic schools”, Energy and Buildings 43: 718–727, (2011).
Della Torre, S., “Economics of planned conservation”, Integrating aims - Built heritage in social and economic development, Aalto University, Centre for urban and regional studies publications, Helsinki, (2010).
Della Torre S. and Moioli R., “Designing an active monitoring system: the Planned Conservation Project in Monza and Brianza Province’’, 6th Seminar on Urban Conservation – Measuring Heritage Conservation Performance, Recife, Brazil, 142 - 148, (2011).
Şenyurt, O., “1923-1960 / İzmit - Cumhuriyet'in tanıkları binalar ve kentten haberler”, TMMOB Mimarlar Odası Kocaeli Şubesi, ISBN: 9944899968, İstanbul, (2010)
Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu – Total energy consumption by sectors and usage areas, 2005 [online]. [Retrieved Date 2015-02-27] http://www.tuik.gov.tr/
Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu – Education Statistics, 1997-2014 [online]. [Retrieved Date: 2015-06-12]. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/
V. Pracchi and Rosina, E., “Protecting historical buildings doesn’t mean only to respect their appearance”, 3rd European Workshop and training day on cultural heritage EWCHP, Bolzano/Bozan, Italy, 211-217, (2013).
Kishalı, E. and Bayraktar, N. T., “Evaluation of the studies for assessment of earthquake damages on historical monumental structures by non-destructive tests”, 5th International Earthquake Symposium, Kocaeli, 127 – 135, (2015).
Binda, L., Saisi, A. and Tiraboschi, C. “Investigation procedures for the diagnosis of historic masonries”, Construction and Building Materials, 14: 199 – 233, (2000).
Ramos L.F., Marquesa L., Lourenço P.B., De Roeckb G., Campos-Costac A. and Roqued J., “Monitoring historical masonry structures with operational modal analysis: Two case studies”, Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 24: 1291–1305, (2010).
ASHRAE 2005 (SI Edition), “American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers Handbook Fundamentals SI Edition, F08- Thermal Comfort”, (2005).
Haddad, S., King, S, Osmond, P. and Heidari, S., “Questionnaire design to determine children’s thermal sensation, preference and acceptability in the classroom”, PLEA2012 - 28th Conference, opportunities, limits & needs towards an environmentally responsible architecture Lima, Perú, (2012).
Tuncer, K., “Isıl Konforun Fanger Yöntemiyle İncelenmesi”, M.Sc. thesis, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Gazi University, Ankara, (2006).
Yılmaz, Z. and Oral, G.K., "Yapı kabuğu ısı yalıtım değerinin yapı formuna bağlı olarak belirlenmesi için bir yöntem önerisi", Yapıda Yalıtım Konferansı, İstanbul, 153-163, (1999).
T.C. Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı, Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü – Weather Centre –Weather: Average Conditions, 1970-2011- Kocaeli.
Kwok, A.G. and Chun, C., “Thermal Comfort in Japanese Schools”, Solar Energy, 74: 245–252, (2003).
Yaşar, Y., Pehlevan, A. and Altıntaş, E., “İlköğretim dersliklerinde termal konfor araştırması”, 8th Ulusal Tesisat Mühendisliği Kongresi, İzmir, 199-208, (2007).
Buratti, C. and Ricciardi, P., “Adaptive analysis of thermal comfort in university classrooms: Correlation between experimental data and mathematical models”, Building and Environment, 44: 674–687, (2009).
Ogoli, D. M., “Thermal comfort in a naturally-ventilated educational building”, ARCC Spring Research Conference, Eugene, Oregon, 19 – 26, (2007).
- Şu halde refbacks yoktur.
Politeknik Dergisi © 2014
P-ISSN 1302-0900 E-ISSN 2147-9429